vihuela "louzao" from 1998:
predecessor of the spanish guitar.

The Spanish guitar is a challenging musical instrument for every musician.
It delivers a world of musical possibilities, (polyphony, melody, tone, etc) but as we reach those possibilities we find out there are surprises:
Polyphony is rather limited and particular to each instrument, the guitar's 'singing' capacity is not as 'intense' as we imagined in the first place, plus we discover a difficulty in projecting the many tonal 'subtleties' to listeners, etc.

The composer is faced with a very cryptic instrument with many obstacles.
The interpreter, in order to 'build' a masterpiece though a guitar, must perfectly dominate all technical matters. The instrument is not permissive by any means; even the easiest pieces in guitar's repertoire introduce typical guitar problems: zero tolerance with imprecise fingering when playing, difficulty trying to achieve an equal legato, dire opportunities to obtain control in a play's dynamics and little 'sustain' when it comes to melody and prolonging certain required notes in some harmonic passages.

Taking into account what's been said so far, we could ask ourselves:
What makes the instrument so charming for most individuals? Or What possibilities DOES it offer over other instruments?
I dare to say that the second question is easier to answer: the Guitar is a portable instrument, able to perform the role of a harmonic base better than any other, except for the piano; it also provides the opportunity to play with melody, harmony and rhythm, that is, all elements of music. It allows us to use various tunings and play different musical styles.
And that possibly begins to answer our first question; the guitar is deeply connected to most popular cultures. It is an approachable instrument that we can embrace while we get to listen to the warmest and most beautiful tones…

Perhaps it is in these 'colors and tones' that we can begin to find the major portion of the answer.

Placed in this situation, the luthier should be able to create an instrument that, while maintaining it's virtues, helps solve some of the instrument's problems (or characteristics)
Pursuing this utopia I encounter myself and many other colleagues, walking through this path full of challenges.
To our advantage, we have the immense pleasure we obtain from building guitars and from the possibility of creatively playing and experimenting with an instrument that has not seen its last improvement yet…
The new millennium's guitar is 'in labor' and it is this generation of luthiers role to help with the delivery

Contemporary guitars with red cedar and spruce soundboards